The union cabinet paved the way for transformative reform in the school and higher education system by launching the New National Education Policy (NEP) on July 29, 2020. They also renamed MHRD as the Ministry of Education. After the old national education policy launched in 1986, this is the first education policy of the 21st century that has replaced the 34-year-old education policy.
The new NEP is based on four pillars: Access, Equity, Quality, and Accountability. This new policy will have a 5+3+3+4 structure, which comprises 12 years of school and three years of Anganwadi/ pre-school, replacing the old 10+2 structure.
Update: The Karnataka State Government announced they will bring their education policy. Thus, scrap NEP 2020 was implemented in the state in 2021.
New National Educational Policy 2023
Through this new education scheme, they are trying to bring more than two crore students into the mainstream and with the help of this, they aim to achieve 100% GER (Gross enrollment ratio) from preschool to secondary by the end of 2030. This NEP 2020, the government is looking forward to making India a “global knowledge superpower” and it will be only done by making the education system for schools and colleges more flexible, holistic, and multi-disciplinary, bringing out their unique capabilities.
Major Reform in National Education Policy (नई शिक्षा नीति कब से लागू होगी
- Students now take a school examination, which was conducted by the appropriate authority in grades 3, 5, and 8.
- Board examinations for 10th and 12 will be continued but redesigned with the aim of holistic development.
- PARAKH (Performance assessment, review, and analysis of knowledge for holistic development), a new national assessment platform, will be set up.
- Mathematical thinking and scientific temper coding will start in class 6
- Vocational education will start in school from 6th grade, including internships.
- The 10+2 structure will be replaced by 5+3+3+4…
- The new system will have 12 years of schooling and 3 years of preschool/Anganwadi
- Till grade 5th this policy will emphasize local language/regional language/mother tongue as the medium of instruction.
- At school and higher education, Sanskrit will also be included at all levels as an option for students, which includes three language formulas.
- Literature on India and other classical languages will also be available.
- No student would be forced to learn any Language.
- Higher education will receive flexibility in subjects.
- There will be multiple entries and exit points with appropriate certification for higher education.
- UG program can be 3 or 4 years with multiple exit options with appropriate certification in this period. A certificate will be awarded after one year, an advanced diploma after two years, a degree after three, and a bachelor with research after four years.
- Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) will be created in which digital academic credit students earn will be stored through different HEIs and transferred and counted for the final degree.
- The curriculum in all subjects has been reduced to its core essentials.
- Through this, they focus on critical thinking, discovery, inquiry, discussion, and teaching based on analysis and holistic learning methods for education.
- Regulator for higher education will be light but tight.
- Focus on E-learning so that they can reduce their dependency on textbook
- Under the new policy, education will get 6% of GDP earlier, it was 1.7%, which will boost the education system.
- By the end of 2040, they aim that all HEIs will become multidisciplinary institutions, each of which will have 3000 or more students.
- In the next 15 years, college affiliation will be phased out.
- At least one oversized multidisciplinary HEI should be built in or near every district by 2030.
- Aim to achieve 100% youth and adult literacy.
- NTA will offer a common entrance exam for admission to HEIs
#NEP2020 Fact: Do you know this was the 3rd NEP policy? The first policy came in 1968, and the 2nd one came in 1986 which was later amended in 1992.
What is the vision of the New National Education Policy?
“The NEP 2020 envisions an India Centred education system that directly contributes to the evolution of our nation enduring into an equitable and vibrant knowledge society by giving them a top-class quality of education.”
Through this NEP, our country’s education system and research facility will become more robust and with the help of this, students who spent thousands of dollars on education in foreign countries will get global standards in line with India.
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ECCE (Early Childhood Care and Education) Foundation of Learning:
Through this policy, children who are in the age group of 3 to 6 years will have access to free, safe, high-quality, developmentally appropriate care and education by 2025. Right now, there is a severe learning crisis in India because children are enrolled for pre-primary but fail to attain basic skills.
New Curriculum Structure
- Restructuring of the school curriculum and pedagogy to the new 5+3+3+4 pattern
- The new curricular structure was designed in the interest of learners at different stages of their development, such as 3 to 8, 8 to 11, 11 to 14, and 14 to 18 years.
- The Foundation stage will be of 5 years: 3 years of pre-primary and grades 1 and 2
- The preparatory stage will be of 3 years: Grades 3, 4, and 5
- The middle or upper primary will be of 3 years: Grades 6, 7, and 8
- High or secondary stage will be 4 years: Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12
- All stages mentioned above will incorporate Indian and regional traditions, ethical reasoning, socio-emotional learning, quantitative and logical reasoning, digital literacy, computational thinking, scientific tamper, languages, and communication skills.
Education in Mother Tongue/Regional Language
As we know, young children grasp new things quickly when we speak in their language instead of some other language which they are not used to, and this policy also recognizes the same; thus, they added a point in this new policy that children up to grade 5 will be taught in their mother language, but it can also refer to grade 8 if required.
- For this, textbooks will also be made available in their language. Still, if it is not possible to provide, the language of interaction between teacher and students will be their home language.
- From grade 1 onwards, young children will get exposure to two to three languages, which may increase their speaking proficiency, interaction, and ability to recognize the same by grade 3.
How will teachers be Recruited under NEP?
Under the new National Education Policy, if there is a shortage of teacher who speaks a given language, special efforts will be made and the scheme will be rolled out to recruit teacher, including retired teachers who can speak the local language required.
Elective Foreign Language
In secondary school, children can opt for the foreign language of their choice, which could be French, German, Spanish, Chinese, or Japanese, and this will only be an elective and not in place of the three-language formula.
Higher Education Under New National Education Policy
- Higher education plays an important role in improving human well-being and developing India. Through this NEP, they aim to increase their GER from 26.3% to 50% by 2035, and around 3.5 cr new seats will also be added to higher education institutions.
- Under this, UG education could be 3 or 4 years with a number of entry and exit options.
- Multidisciplinary education and Research University will be set up with global standards.
- HECI (Higher Education Commission of India) will be the only body for all higher education (except medical and legal education)
- HECI will have four independent verticals: NHERC (National Higher Education Regulatory Council) for the directive, GEC (Genera Education Council) for standard setting, HEGC (Higher Education Grants Council) for sponsoring, and NAC (National Accredition Council) for recognition.
- Globalization of higher education.
- An academic bank of credit will be established in which credit earned by the students during their academics from different HEIs could be stored and transferred at the time final degree.
- The national research foundation will act as a peak body that fosters a strong research culture and builds research capacity covering higher education.
College Affiliation Under NEP 2020
The affiliation of colleges will be phased out in 15 years, and a mechanism will be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges. And after some time, it is presumed that every college will develop into a self-governing degree provider or an intermediary of a university.
Focus on Vocational Studies at the School Level
In 12th five year plan from 2012-2017, it is estimated that not more than 5% of Indians from the age group of 19 to 24 have received formal vocational education, which is too low if we compare it to other countries like the USA 52%, Germany 75%, and South Korea 96%. That’s why under this policy, every child from grades 6 to 8 must learn at least one vocational or more
- The importance of basic knowledge of various livelihood and life skills such as gardening, woodwork, pottery, electric work, and others
- They aim that by the end of 2025, they have at least 50% of learners from school and higher education who get exposure to vocational education.
B.Ed. will be of 4 years
Under this new and inclusive national curriculum framework for teacher education, which will be formulated by NCTE with the help of NCERT, by the end of 2030, the minimum qualification for teachers will be a 4-year B.Ed. Degree program. For stand-alone teacher education institutes, with inadequate standards, strict action will be taken against them.
Students Financial Aid
The National Scholarship Portal (NSP) will be expanded to support and encourage children and their progress will be tracked so that they can receive scholarships. Private HEIs will be encouraged so that they can offer several studentships and fellowships to their children.
No hard separation of streams under NEP 2023
Every student will get the opportunity to engage in arts and humanities as well as in the study of arts and science and social science because of this no hard separation going to be made between ‘curricular’ and ‘extra-curricular activities’ or ‘co-curricular activities
- Every school subject will be considered as curricular rather than extra or co-curricular which includes yoga, sports, dance, music, sculpting, woodworking, gardening, and electric work.
- NCERT will prepare syllabi and textbooks as per the NCF (national curriculum framework) so that these subjects can be incorporated into the curriculum. States SCERTs (State Councils of Educational Research Training) may edit, rewrite, and supplement as per their needs.
- Physical education will be incorporated strongly throughout their curriculum with a consideration of what is interesting and safe at each age.
- Also, there is no hard separation between the ‘vocational’ and ‘academic’ streams because they wanted every student will get an equal opportunity to develop both capabilities.
Read NEP official MHRD Official PDF- Click Here
नई शिक्षा नीति में हिंदी
Under whose chairmanship new national education policy was drafted?
It was done under the chairmanship of the former chairman of ISRO and ex-member of parliament K. Kasturirangan.
Term HEIs stand for what?
Higher Education Institution
A new national assessment centre has been set up named PARAKH what does it stand for?
PARAKH stands for Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of knowledge for Holistic Development.
When will the new National Education policy be implemented?
The implementation program of NEP is under preparation and it will be carried out as per the timeline envisaged in NEP.
Where one can collect complete details about NEP?
We have mentioned everything about NEP in this article but still if you want to know more about it then its complete information is available in the public domain which has been carried out by the Education Ministry of India.