Naxalism In India Essay In English: The birth of Naxalism in India dates back to 1967 from the Naxalbari village in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal. This event is historically famous as the Naxalbari uprising of Spring. The rebellion was basically a revolt by peasants with the support of radical communist leaders against their landlords. Ever since this uprising has sparked various violent protests by separatist groups. The Naxal movement has shuddered the security of India time and time again. This issue was openly discussed by our former Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh as a potential threat to the national security and the economic growth of the country.
This article is designed to simplify the concept of the Naxal Movement for a basic understanding of school students. We are presenting an essay on the topic which will serve you well for academic as well as general purposes.
Naxalism In India Essay In English
It is particularly necessary to keep the younger generation well-informed about the national affairs of the country. This need is realized by our education system as well and topics such as Democracy, Communism, Capitalism, Socialism, Terrorism, etc are actively discussed in the Social Sciences coursework. One of the major national movements that contributed significantly to the current political instability in the country is Naxalism. We are sharing an essay on ‘Naxalism in India‘ specifically written for the retention of young minds. The essay attempts to cover all the generalized aspects of the topic.
Naxalism In India Essay (500-600words)
Introduction: The term Naxalism is interchangeable with Maoism, and Left Wing Extremism in global media platforms. There are various organisations throughout our country that operate on anti-democratic ideologies. Since the first outbreak of the Naxalbari uprising in 1967, the protests of the Left Wing Extremists have shaken the roots of Indian security from time to time. The underlying ideology of the Naxalites is inspired by Mao Zedong who was a Chinese Communist Revolutionary. Over the decade the areas of Chattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha & Maharashtra have been most affected by Naxal attacks. The Naxals operate from the forest-covered areas of various Indian states, these areas are called red corridors.
Origin of Naxalism: In India, the first Naxal uprising took place in the village of Naxalbari in West Bengal under the elite leadership of Charu Majumdar, who is also called the father of Naxalism. Kanu Sanyal was the peasant leader while Jungel Santhal was the tribal leader who joined forces to protest against the landlords with the aid of bows & arrows. The protest was triggered by a land dispute between a peasant and the local landlords, The events took a violent turn thereafter and ended up giving birth to Naxalism. This Naxalism further gave rise to the Communist Party of India two years later (in 1969).
Spread of Naxalism in India: After the death of Charu Majumdar, the Naxal Movement suffered significantly only to be revived in 1980, this time in the state of Andhra Pradesh. This time the severity of the attack was upgraded to bombing and assassination of the landlords. This group was called the People’s War Group. The Maoist Communist Centre of India emerged in Bihar and joined forces with the People’s War Group to form the Communist Party of India in 2004. The Communist Party has posed major political threats ever since its formulation.
Reasons for the spreading of Naxalism in India: The basic underlying problem that triggered the Naxal movement was the mismanagement of Indian forests and land. The tribal policies could not be implemented well since the early post Independence time and the livelihood instability amongst the poor work groups such as fishermen, labours, peasants, etc found their voice along with the movement. The issues of discrimination & untouchability in the underdeveloped villages of the country also motivated people to join the extremist group.
Government initiatives to control Naxalism: The government of India aided special funds for the upgradation of police weaponry & infrastructure in the Naxal-affected areas. Multi-Agency Centres in the affected areas have helped recuperate from Naxal attacks and proved effective in other aspects as well. Special CAPFs force is assigned in LWE areas for neutralizing the extremists.
Apart from this, the government has also launched schemes and funds for the progression of the tribal community and backward communities. These schemes include the Backward Regions Grant Fund in the most Naxal terrorized areas in the country (2003-2004), Universal Services Obligation Fund, Flagship Integrated Action Plan (2010), Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, MGNREGA, etc
Laws such as Chattisgarh Special Public Securities Act, Forest Rights Act, and Rehabilitation & Resettlement Policy were launched in an attempt of safeguarding the forest tribals’ accommodation in recent years but they have had mixed impacts overall.
Concluding the essay: The best way to combat Naxalism in the present scenario is to strengthen state security, it can be achieved both by strategies and upgrading security forces. The safety of civilians in the Naxal terror-prone areas must be prioritized. To balance the social economic gaps in the various groups of society, the government must promote more educational and progressive programs for the underprivileged groups. If the citizens will be educated and well-informed, the chances of them engaging in and supporting extremism would decrease drastically.
Tips to write an essay on Naxalism in India
Here are some suggestions for you to write an interesting and insightful essay on Naxalism:
- Start with the introduction of Naxalism, define the term and its current situation in society.
- Explain the origin of the concept with solid historical facts.
- Throw some light on the ideology of the Extremist group.
- Explain the progression of Maoism in India.
- State the factors that supported the growth of Naxalism.
- Explain governmental measures taken to counter the LWE attempts.
- Conclude your essay with neutral positive solutions.
The red corridor in India is the area infamous for the Naxalites insurgency. The red corridor comprises parts of Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Jharkhand West Bengal, Telangana & Maharashtra.
The Naxals demand a reform in the political, social and economic dynamics of the country. They want this reform to be targeted in the favour of the marginalized and weaker sections of society. To restore the order they desire, they openly support the means of violent warfare to state their disagreement.
The Naxalites derived their ideology from the Maoist political sentiment which was first reflected by Charu Majumdar in 1967 while the Naxalbari Uprising of Spring. He is also called the father of Naxalism for his contribution to the formation of the Communist Party of India.