ANM & GNM are the courses for aspirants who wish to build their career in the field of Nursing. ANM refers to Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery and GNM refers to General Nursing Midwifery. The two courses possess a somewhat similar application and approach. ANM & GNM courses are exclusive choices among female aspirants of Nursing. Under the course programme of ANM & GNM, the nurses are educated and are provided with training as such to provide the best health care to people who require it.
The sector of nursing is specifically focused on taking care of patients/ Individuals who need them to restore and lead a healthy life. According to the WHO, Midwives and Nurses account for about 50% of the healthcare workforce globally. They are actually the first healthcare assistant for people in an emergency. The assistance of nurses is very vital for any healthcare facility and no time more than the COVID-19 pandemic taught us the importance of nurses worldwide.
Comparative Overview of ANM & GNM
|Duration of Course||2 years||3.5 years|
|Minimum qualifying marks||50% in 10th or 12th||40% in 12th|
|Subjects required||Science/ Arts||PCB|
|Course Fee||INR 10,000- 60,000/ year||INR 20,000 – 1.5 lakh/ year|
|Eligibility||10th or 10+2||10+2|
|Salary||1.5 – 2.5 lakh annually||4.5 – 6.5 lakh annually|
Nurses play a major role in the health promotion of individuals/ patients. They assist patients in curing diseases in critical times and also work for community care services. To pursue ANM & GNM one needs to adopt characteristics such as patience, good communication skills, good observation, dedication and passion. Apart from this, the teamwork spirit is of great value when you pursue a career in nursing. You need to be able to work as a team for the betterment of people in critical conditions and people in need.
In addition to this, if you’re someone who has a compassionate heart to work for the betterment of people and you want to work under a healthcare institution, then, ANM & GNM is the right choice for you. For candidates who want to pursue ANM & GNM, below is a piece of detailed information to guide you through these two courses. So, you can make a better career choice.
GNM (General Nursing Midwifery)
GNM is a three-year diploma programme with an internship of six months after which the students are provided with registration from a specific nursing council, thus enabling them to work in various hospitals. GNM is a diploma in general nursing and healthcare.
Although as per the Indian Nursing Council the course of GNM can now be upgraded to B.Sc. Nursing, is a four-year duration course, voluntarily. This is done to enhance the quality of nursing education in India. You can read the detailed notification regarding the same, here. A section of this notification is also depicted below.
Eligibility Criteria for GNM
|10+2||Biology, Chemistry and Physics (PCB)- 40% aggregate||from any recognized board.|
|12th||English and vocational ANM (40% aggregate)||from any INC-recognized institution|
|12th||English and vocational stream healthcare science (40% aggregate)||from a recognized CBSE/ Centre Board|
|Registered ANM (qualifying marks)|
Age Eligibility – Minimum age to apply for GNM is 17 years and the maximum age to apply is 30 years.
ANM (Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery)
ANM is a two-year diploma programme with six months of internship, included in the course programme. It is basically a short-term nursing program focused on delivering skills to the students to help them become better nurses in future. After getting registration from the respective nursing council, the student gains eligibility to work in various hospitals. The course of ANM is available as a Full time as well as a Part-time course option. Institutions such as IGNOU offers a part-time course in ANM.
Under ANM, nurses are qualified with skills such as equipment Knowledge, record maintenance and timely medications. Treating old aged, women, children etc. and improving the health of people. ANM nurses are basically trained for all types of healthcare services.
Eligibility Criteria for ANM
Qualifications – To pursue ANM aspirants need to have completed 10th standard or 10+2 with Science or Art stream with minimum marks of 40%- 50%. NIOS students are also eligible to pursue a career in nursing through ANM.
Age Eligibility– To pursue ANM minimum age required is 17 years and the maximum age is 35 years.
Only female candidates are eligible to pursue ANM.
Brief Idea of Subjects under ANM & GNM
The course of ANM & GNM consists of a wide range of healthcare-related subjects. Before you actually apply for the course program, you can check what kind of subjects will be there in your course program and how well it goes with your subject choices and interest. Here, we have enlisted some of the subjects under the course program of ANM & GNM to provide you with a brief idea about the whole course program.
|Subjects of ANM||Subjects of GNM|
|Primary health Nursing|
Community Health Nursing
Child Health Nursing
Infection & Immunization
|Biological and behavioural Sciences|
Community health nursing
Teaching & Research
Colleges Providing Admission in ANM & GNM
Admission to ANM & GNM is provided through the entrance examinations specifically held by various institutions or it may be based on your marks in 10+2. If you are passionate enough to cure people and help them in need. Then, you should go on pursuing ANM & GNM. In India, various colleges are providing a diploma in the same. You can apply to any of these institutions of your choice, work in the sector of healthcare and live your dream each day. A few of the colleges offering the diploma in ANM & GNM have been mentioned below:
|Armed Forces Medical College||Pune|
|Baba Farid University of Health Sciences||Punjab|
|Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences||Patna|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research||Puducherry|
|King George’s Medical University||Uttar Pradesh|
|Lady Hardinge Medical College||Delhi|
|Madras Medical College||Chennai|
|Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences||Bengaluru|
Career Scope of ANM & GNM
As a diploma holder in ANM or GNM, you have a wider work opportunity as nursing is somewhat a skill that will help you in a long run and will furnish and pay you more with time and practice. After the completion of the ANM & GNM course, candidates get registered as an RNRM (Registered Nurse Registered Midwives).
There are quite productive job options available for diploma holders in nursing. With a diploma in nursing, you can work under an institution or you can be your own boss and work individually. The courses of ANM & GNM are actually of value and will help make you eligible to work anywhere in the world. Also, you can always opt for pursuing any higher education if you want.
Assistant Nurses in private clinics
Government health schemes nurse
Rural Health worker
Community health worker
Legal Consulting Nurse
Health Care nurse
Home Care nurse
Certified Nursing Assistant.
In addition to this, you can also be a Health worker under any institution such as any old age homes, Schools, Industries, Military, private and government-owned hospitals. Also, if you’ve done ANM, you are eligible to opt for GNM in future.
Leading Recruiters of ANM & GNM
- Apollo Hospital
- Max Hospital
- Indian Nursing Council
- State Nursing Council
- Indian Red Cross Society
- Community centres for Healthcare
- Medanta medicity
Work-life of Nurses
If you’re wondering about how does the work-life of nurses look like? Here’s an answer for you. The working life of a nurse is basically focused on many responsibilities including taking care of patients, maintaining their records, monitoring the condition of patients, and even the timely medication of patients is also dependent upon you. You also need to determine the nursing needs of patients. Also, you will sometimes be needed to assist in research-related activities.
As a GNM nurse, you may also work in assisting any gynaecological facility or any clinical facility. You may also work as a Forensic nurse and take care of assault victims or you may disseminate your knowledge by working as a teacher.
The diploma holders under ANM & GNM get paid well and their annual salary may reach anywhere between two to three lakh of annual salary. Nurses in ICU and under better institutions get paid more. The salary margin for ANM & GNM increases with the experience of the candidate and then your salary can boost up to even six lakhs/ annum with your years of experience.
Here we have mentioned some of the major job profiles of nursing and their respective salary.
|Job Profile||Annual Salary (Approximate)|
|Staff Nurse||2.5 lakh|
|Homecare Nurse||2.5 lakh|
|forensic Nurse||5 lakh|
|ICU Nurse||4 lakh|
|Teaching Nurse||9 lakh|
|Legal Consulting Nurse||5 lakh|
|Clinical Nurse||4.5 lakh|
The course fee for ANM ranges from INR 10,000 to INR 60,000 per year. It may also vary with the institution.
Yes, you can join the government hospital after completing the GNM course.
Yes. NIOS students are eligible for both ANM & GNM.
The diploma holders under ANM get paid anywhere between 2-3 lakhs/ annum.
The diploma holders of GNM get paid well with a salary range of 5-7 lakh/ annum